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The Human Rights of Kurds in the Islamic Republic of Iran

2006-10-13 from the Website of
Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan
- International Relations

The Kurds have manifested an independent spirit throughout modern Iranian history, rebelling against central government efforts to restrict their autonomy during the Safavid, Qajar, and Pahlavi periods. The most recent Kurdish uprising took place in 1979 following the Revolution. Mahabad, which has been a center of Kurdish resistance against central government authority since the time of the Safavid monarch Shah Abbas (1587-1629), was again at the forefront of the Kurdish autonomy struggle.

Following the 1979 revolution, one of the foremost pressing ethnic challenges to the new regime came from Kurdish rebels in the Iranian Kurdistan, who had long struggled for their human rights. Ayatollah Khomeini declared Holly war against Kurdish people on August 19th 1979. Since then the regime of Iran has intensified its suppression policy against Kurdish people. As the result of Holly War over 70000 Kurdish people have been killed. The undeveloped economical, social and cultural infrastructure of Kurdistan is destroyed as a result of the regime’s war against Kurdish people.

The constitution of Islamic republic of Iran, a source of the philosophy of the Islamic regime, is plain in sanctioning and requiring of discrimination and injustice toward Iranian citizens and the various ethnic groups of the country.
The constitution of Islamic republic of Iran, a source of the philosophy of the Islamic regime, is plain in sanctioning and requiring of discrimination and injustice toward Iranian citizens and the various ethnic groups of the country.
According to the fifth, fifty-seventh and hundred and seventh articles of constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the highest institution of the government is supreme leader of the Islamic republic who, according to the constitution’s twelfth article, is a male Shi’ite cleric. According to the constitution of Iran, the president, ministers and Parliament speaker must also be Shi’ite Muslims.
Over ten million Kurdish people live in Iran. The majority of them are Sunni Muslims, who according to constitution, are second class citizens. The Iranian women who comprise half of the country’s society have no rights to participate in the political process of their country.
The Islamic Republic of Iran’s laws regarding punishment give yet a better picture of the regime towards opposition groups:
According to paragraphs 198 to 211 regarding retaliation and punishment in Iran, those individuals who work against Islamic republic of Iran and support the opposition groups are classified as evil and their crimes require the following punishments: 1. they may be killed, 2. they may be hanged, 3. they may have their right hand and left foot amputated, 4. they may be exiled. During exile the first three days he has to be tied. After that if he is alive he has to pay his punishment. He has no right to contact to any one and has no right to travel.
Last year Iran performed more documented executions that any other country in the world with the exception of China. Tens of Kurdish political prisoners and civilians are also executed in secret and not included in the documented, reported figure. Since the July 2005, over 429 people of Kurdish civilians have been killed, executed, sentenced to jail or charged to pay compensation by the security forces of Islamic republic. During the upraising of Kurdish people in last summer over 1700 Kurdish people were arrested, and the fate of numerous of these detainees remains unknown. In the Iranian Kurdistan, all activities by political parties are prohibited. The Islamic regime has outlawed all political parties in Kurdistan. According to paragraphs 197 to 202 of the punishment law, members of Kurdish parties are classified as evil.
The activities of NGOs are highly controlled. The Iranian regime considers all NGOs and contacts from international organizations and other countries missions in Iran to be spies and believes that they are acting against Iranian national security.
In the Iranian Kurdistan, all activities by political parties are prohibited. The Islamic regime has outlawed all political parties in Kurdistan. According to paragraphs 197 to 202 of the punishment law, members of Kurdish parties are classified as evil.
In Iran, the study of Kurdish language in schools is still prohibited. The economy of Kurdish area has collapsed and the unemployed rate in Kurdistan is estimated to be 47%. The Islamic republic of Iran systematically distributes drugs to the Kurdish youth in order to prevent them from being active, productive members of society. Shootings by regime’s gunmen have become a daily event in Kurdistan.
The United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution on the situation of human rights in Iran on December 16, 2005.
Despite the UN resolution the Islamic Republic of Iran continues with gross human rights violations against the people Iran. The following is a summary of human rights abuses in Iran since December 16, 2005:

Political activist who are convicted and dragnet 3
Political detainees that are executed 8
Number of people that are killed by Security forces of Islamic Republic of Iran 33
Women convicted stoned to death 4
Number of victims that were tortured after being detained 10
Number of victims that are disappeared after being detained 3
Number of people that have been released on compensation payment: 242
Number of people executed 25
Sentenced to death 28
Number of people sentenced to death (under 18 years) 2
Arrested students for interrogation 82
Number of people who lost part of their bodies as retaliation 2
Number of people injured in Kurdistan by the security forces of Iran 1200
Magazine and newspaper that closed down 43
Number of people arrested by security forces of Iran in Kurdistan 1700
Number of people under age 15 arrested 1
Number of people under age 15 killed by security forces 1

The ongoing human rights violation in Iranian Kurdistan is not as a result of sporadically or persistence of some officers, but it is the result of systematic and programmed policy of the Islamic Republic of Iran against Kurdish people and the people of Iran.
Since the negotiation between Iran and EU on the situation of Human rights has not brought any positive result and the Islamic republic of Iran has used the negotiations as a time consuming to avoid International pressure and because the observation of the situation of Human rights in Iran are in practice impossible; and since the regime of Iran does not allow any international observers to enter to the Iranian Kurdistan, the democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan (PDKI) urges the United Nations to condemn the ongoing human rights violations against Kurdish people in Iran.
PDKI appeals to the members of European Community to pay attention to the situation of Human rights in Iranian Kurdistan and the ongoing economical, political and military aggression against Kurdish people in Iran.

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